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Prenatal Development and Birth


Conception and Genetics

Process of Conception

Chromosomes
Gametes
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Genes
Gonads
Multiple Births

How Genes Influence Development

Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant-Recessive Pattern
Polygenic Inheritance
Multifactorial Inheritance


Genetic and Chromosomal Disorders

Genetic Disorders

Phenylketonuria
Sickle-cell disease
Tay-sachs disease
Huntington's disease
Hemophilia
Fragile-X syndrome

Chromosomal Errors

Down Syndrome
Klinefelter's syndrome
Thurner's syndrome

Pregnancy and Prenatal Development

Prenatal development

Cephalocaudal pattern
Proximodistal pattern
Germinal stage
Implantation
Placenta
Umbilical cord
Amnion
Embryonic stage
Neurons
Organogenesis
Fetal stage
Viability
Cell body
Synapses
Axons
Dendrites
Glial cells

Problems in Prenatal Development

How Teratogens Influence Development

Teratogens

Drugs, Tobacco, and Alcohol

Fetal alchohol syndrome (FAS)

Birth and the Neonate

The Physical Process of Birth

The physical process of birth ( Videos)
Cesarean section (c-section)
Anoxia

Assessing the Neonate

Neonate

Low Birth weight and Preterm Birth

Low Birth Weight (LBW)

Other words relevant to the Chapter

Cytogenetics
Cytomegalovirus